Flying Squirrels exist in around 43 species that are classified into 14 genera. Most of the species of
this animal are least understood due to their varying complexities. This animals would be appropriately
named as Middlesex County gliding squirrels since they have a special membrane between their back and front legs that helps
them to glide between trees. They don’t have the true capabilities to fly as they have no wings. They are
generally nocturnal and they bore deep holes in trees for nesting.
Since they are arboreal, they can create homes in almost any habitat especially forested and wooded areas. They
are notable in:
- Temperate deciduous forests
- Northern boreal forests
- Tropical rainforest.
Other Massachusetts species have adapted to plantations and parklands. The complex-toothed and the woolly species are known to stay in
high altitude areas on rocky cliffs and outcrops. These animals are barely spotted on ground, all they do is stay in their
tree nests and hover from one tree to the next.
They mainly feed on plant and animal matter. Those in the tropics are generally herbivores because they feed on shoots and
fruits. Those in the temperate regions feed on seeds, fungi, fruits and animal matter. Other tropical species tend to rely on
insects, spiders and small vertebrates. Some feed on lichens, conifer needles, and mosses.
The breeding biology of these critters is less knownand researched on. However, the temperate specieshave a short summer breeding
season while those in the tropics breed throughout the calendar. They generally give birth to either one or two infants and can have
one or two Middlesex County litters per year. Other species can bear up to seven babies. The babies are usually born blind and naked for some species.
The gestation period lasts 40 days while weaning happens at 8 weeks of age.
These Middlesex County critters have a range of social systems. Some species portray monogamous ways while others don’t. Most are also territorial
with an exception of the temperate species. Their home territories range from 5-12acres. They spend a lot of their time in light-proof
nests until nightfall. While gliding, they can change direction mid-flight and some can glide up to 450m. The Massachusetts animals are docile and
have different vocalizations.
In captivity, Middlesex County flying Squirrels can live up to roughly 10 years and half less in the wild. New-borns are naked and blind at birth, they
are weaned at 8 weeks and stay with their mother until the next litter.
To learn more about our services, visit the Middlesex County wildlife control home page.